HomeBuilding back the trust deficit is not easy between China and IndiaChina a fan of India’s independent foreign policy but does it also...

China a fan of India’s independent foreign policy but does it also respect India’s boundary? Building back the trust deficit is not easy

Source : Times Now

China a fan of India’s independent foreign policy but does it also respect India’s boundary? Building back the trust deficit is not easy
Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping (File Photo)

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar became somewhat of a champion for Asian interests in China earlier in June when he put down Eurocentrism and said that India was “perfectly capable” of handling its difficult relationship with China.

The Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi also praised India’s “independent foreign policy” during Wednesday’s meeting with India’s new envoy to Beijing Pradeep Kumar Rawat. This was Rawat’s first in-person meeting with the Chinese minister since taking over in March.

At the meeting, Wang Yi also noted that “common interests between China and India far outweigh their differences.”

The Chinese foreign ministry statement read: “The two sides (India and China) should work together to cope with various global challenges, and safeguard the common interests of China, India, and the vast developing countries. Recently, External Affairs Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar publicly expressed his disapproval of European centralism and objections to external forces meddling in China-India relations. That reflects India’s tradition of independence.”

To protect this tradition of independence, it would seem India insists on peace at the border it shares with China, where a bloody clash in 2020 quickly undid whatever bonds were forged between India and China following the two informal summits between PM Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping in the two years before.

India wants Chinese troops to completely withdraw to the positions they held in April 2020 before China tried to alter the status quo as a condition for normalisation of ties. However, to the Chinese, a status quo ante is unacceptable due to the advantages they gained from “shifting” the Line of Actual Control.When China praises Jaishankar’s independent and pragmatic thinking, it cannot de-link India’s territorial independence and the desire for economic self-dependence. These two issues have become a bone of contention between the neighbours in recent times.

Galwan deadlock

Already, Indian and Chinesesenior army commanders have held 15 rounds of talks to resolve “friction points” that remain in the Galwan valley which was the flashpoint in June 2020. Formal negotiations for disengagement began in July 2020 after a conversation between National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi but the diplomatic and military meetings have dragged on due to deadlocks.

So far, the negotiations have led to the withdrawal of troops by both sides from Galwan, Pangong Lake, and Gogra/ Patrolling Point 17A even though this is not a return to status quo ante. Depsang plains, Hot Springs and Demchock are still contested by the Chinese.

Following the clashes, India matched China in its deployment along the border, moving troops and weapons systems to the frontiers in Ladakh. It was hoped that the disengagement process would also de-escalate tensions, but both sides remain on guard.

China’s buildup of military infrastructure is unabated on its side of the border – roads, living units, and even villages have sprung up in parts of the LAC. The People’s Liberation Army is building bridges in areas that could give it a strategic advantage in moving troops to thwart the Indian Army. India too is building road infrastructure on its side of the LAC.

Economic groupings

China also views India’s pragmatism and balancing act suspiciously when it comes to the economic groupings the country is part of, particularly because these exclude China.Stepping up engagement with Quad partners and joining the US-led Indo-Pacific Economic Forum (IPEF), both groupings that see India as a counterweight to China have been in India’s interests but China pointedly left out, thinks that “a new Asian order” will lead to chaos.

India had imposed bans on several Chinese apps and restricted Chinese participation in the Indian economy in the wake of the Galwan clash. While the apps stay banned, trade between the neighbours has grown over the last two years.Chinese state-run Global Times reported that according to statistics from the General Administration of Customs, trade volume between China and India reached $125.66 billion in 2021. This was the first time that the number exceeded $100 billion.

Indian exports to China crossed $20 billion in 2020-21 as the government made efforts to achieve a more balanced trade with China, which remains the largest import source for India. Even as India attempts to close the trade deficit with China, the trust deficit at a tense border, Chinese hegemony in other spheres, and India’s ambition to be an alternative pole in Asia are conflicts in the neighbours’ “common interests” that do not have an easy solution.



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Aatmanirbhar Bharat


IAF successfully conducts night vision goggles-aided landing in Eastern sector

The Indian Air Force (IAF) has achieved a significant milestone by successfully landing an aircraft using night vision goggles (NVG) for the first time...

With Project-75I Submarine Acquisition Facing Delays, MDL Shifts Focus to Indigenous 3,000-ton Project-76 Submarine Design

Source : IgMp Bureau Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL), India's premier shipyard, has announced its intention to develop an entirely indigenous conventional submarine design by...

AMCA 5th Generation Stealth Fighter Updates

AMCA to be integrated with sophisticated indigenous Distributed Aperture System (DAS) that making it a formidable air asset for the Indian Air Force

Source : IgMp Bureau India’s Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) is on the brink of a revolutionary transformation with the integration of a sophisticated Distributed...

AMCA to incorporate the best features of both 5th and 6th Generation fighters: ADA sources

Source : IgMp Bureau India's strides toward indigenous air dominance receive a substantial boost with the green signal for the Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA)...

Most Popular

Recent Comments

Archive Months


Spain emerging as one of India’s strong defence partners : Offers AIP equipped S-80 submarines to Indian Navy under P-75I

Source : The New Indian ExpressSpanish S-80 plus AIP equipped Diesel Electric SubmarineNew Delhi: India is working closely with Spain to strengthen its naval...

British Aircraft Carrier, HMS Prince of Wales, breaks down off South Coast

Source : Asian News International (ANI)British Aircraft Carrier HMS Prince of WalesLondon: The British HMS Prince of Wales aircraft carrier, the United Kingdom's largest...

Indian naval ship INS Delhi arrives in Sri Lanka’s port city of Trincomalee

Source : Press Trust of India (PTI)Indian Navy Destroyer INS Delhi docked at Trincomalee port (Image Source: Sri Lanka Navy Twitter)Colombo: The Sri Lankan...
error: Content is protected !!