Source : Indian Defence Updates (IDU)
India has started work to develop the country’s first generation SSNs and third generation SSBNs and both Russiaand France are in an intense competition to grab lucrative contracts for India‘s multi-billion dollar nuclear submarine programs.
France has offered its non-nuclear equipment for Indian Nuclear-Powered Attack Submarine (SSN) program such as Next Generation Pumpjet Propulsion system as well as navigation and other communication sensors.
Russia is also keen to get more work to develop Next Generation Pressurized Water Nuclear Reactors for both the SSN and SSBN programs.
In both case, it is India which is likely to gain heavily as both Russian nuclear reactor for nuclear submarines, and French pumpjet propulsion and other sensors for nuclear attack submarines are technologically very advanced ones and India need technologies of both to make its own stealthy Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarines (SSBN) and Nuclear Attack Submarines (SSN) which will be among world’s best such vessels.