HomeIndian Defenceindo-myanmar border: Modi govt to construct fence along 1643-km Indo-Myanmar border: HM...

indo-myanmar border: Modi govt to construct fence along 1643-km Indo-Myanmar border: HM Amit Shah

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India is set to fortify its 1,643-kilometer border with Myanmar, announcing plans to erect a fence similar to the one along its boundary with Bangladesh. Union Home Minister Amit Shah disclosed this decision during his visit to Assam, emphasizing the government’s commitment to bolstering national security. Alongside border fortification, Shah indicated the cessation of the free movement regime shared with Myanmar, signifying a significant shift in regional dynamics.
Border Fortification PlanShah unveiled the ambitious initiative to fence the entire Indo-Myanmar border, mirroring the security measures implemented along the Bangladesh frontier. The endeavor aims to enhance surveillance and thwart unauthorized crossings. Notably, initial steps have already been taken, with a 10-kilometer stretch in Moreh, Manipur, already fenced. Moreover, pilot projects employing a Hybrid Surveillance System (HSS) are underway in Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur, paving the way for intensified border security measures.

Scrapping Free Movement Regime

India intends to revoke the free movement regime agreement with Myanmar, a pact permitting border residents to travel up to 16 kilometers into each other’s territory without visas. Shah underscored the reevaluation of this arrangement, emphasizing the need for stricter border controls. Mizoram Chief Minister Lalduhoma expressed dissent over the decision, citing historical and cultural ties between Mizos and Chins across the border.

Security Implications and Regional Dynamics

The decision to fortify the Indo-Myanmar border comes amidst escalating conflicts and ethnic tensions in the region. Recent developments, including the military coup in Myanmar and ethnic violence in Manipur, have underscored the need for heightened security measures. However, experts caution against the potential destabilization of regional equilibrium and strained bilateral relations.

The proposed border fence faces logistical challenges, particularly given the rugged terrain of the region. Moreover, concerns have been raised regarding its impact on local communities and cross-border ethnic ties. Critics question the validity of security justifications, pointing to alternative motives behind the initiative.

India’s decision to fortify its border with Myanmar reflects evolving security priorities and regional dynamics. While aimed at bolstering national security, the move entails complexities and controversies, necessitating careful consideration of its implications on bilateral relations and local populations. As plans for border fortification progress, stakeholders must navigate challenges while striving for a balanced approach to safeguarding national interests.

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