HomeInternational GeopoliticsIndia To Replace Martin-Baker Ejection Seats In Tejas Jets With Russian K-36...

India To Replace Martin-Baker Ejection Seats In Tejas Jets With Russian K-36 For Argentina Deal

India is aggressively pursuing the sale of single-engine, delta wing Light Combat Aircraft ‘Tejas’ to Argentina. The Martin Baker ejection seat in the Indian fighter jet will be replaced with the Russian-designed K-36 seats to circumvent the British embargo on sale to Argentina. 

The Indian Ambassador to Argentina, Dinesh Bhatia, met Brig General Xavier Isaac, Chief of the Argentinian Air Force, on August 30 to discuss “the amplification of bilateral engagement between the two strategic partners particularly Argentine acquisition of Tejas combat aircraft and helicopters manufactured by HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd).”

The Zvezda K-36 seat is fitted in MiG series and Sukhoi 30 MKIs fighter jets. The basic version of the Zvezda K-36 D was designed in the late 1960s to be fitted into the MiG-25 Foxbat aircraft, the swan song of the Soviet aircraft designer Mikhail Gurevich and famous for its Mach 3 speed and stratospheric sorties.

“A firm proposal has been given to the Argentinians. The work has already started on replacing the British components,” a HAL official told the EurAsian Times.

Argentinian Defense Minister Jorge Taiana, during his visit to India in July 2023, had flagged the issue of 16 British components in LCA. He set the requirement to replace these components due to the British embargo over arms sales to Argentina after the Falkland Wars.

Britain has been throwing a spanner in the Argentine plans of acquiring fighter jets by placing embargoes on components of aircraft that belong to the UK. It pressured Spain to ditch a deal to supply surplus Mirage F1M fighters to its neighbor.

To save the LCA Tejas deal from becoming a victim of British coercive diplomacy, the Russian K-36 seats will replace the Martin-Baker ejection seats. “We already have the seats available,” the HAL official pointed out. The HAL, manufacturing the Sukhoi SU-30 MKI under licensed production, has K-36 ejection seats.

The privately-owned Martin-Baker is one of the most successful ejection seat manufacturers in the world, with over 17,000 Martin-Baker ejection seats in service today in 54 different aircraft types across 84 countries, and these numbers are ever-growing. The ejection seat has saved 7699 lives so far. The company dominates 75 percent of the Western world market, with the US, South Korea, Germany, Italy, and France being the main markets.

The other British components proving to be roadblocks for the deal include a radome from a UK aerospace manufacturer, Cobham Limited, and the tires from Scottish Dunlop.

K-36 – Gravity-Defying Ejection Seats

The Russian ejection seats are a direct competitor to Martin Baker. The variants of K-36 are used in Russian combat jets like the MiG-29, Su-27, Su-30, and Su-57. It is also a zero-zero seat considered at par with Martin Baker.

The Russians had pioneered the ‘zero-zero’ ejection seat that ensures the safe extraction of the pilot at zero airspeed and zero altitude.

At one point, the US Air Force had even examined the use of the K-36D ejection seat for its fifth-generation air superiority F-22 fighters. Designed by the Zvezda Research and Production organization, the K-36 seat consists of the ejection rocket firing mechanism, gearbox, headrest, rescue system with a dome stowed in the headrest, and operating systems to provide a safe bail-out.

The ejection seat is meant to ensure the safe emergency escape of a pilot within the range of velocities (Ve) from 0 to 1,300 km/h (700 kilonewtons; 810 mph) to 1,400 km/h (760 kilonewtons; 870 mph), altitudes from 0 to 20,000 m (66,000 ft) and Mach numbers up to 2.5.

Russian K-36D ejection seat
Russian K-36D ejection seat

The most incredible demonstration of the capability of the K-36 seat was in 1999 when a Sukhoi-30 MKI crashed during the Paris air show. While demonstrating a controlled spin, one Su-30s initiated recovery too late, making one turn too many.

As it pulled out of the dive, the fighter struck the ground at a tail-down altitude; the next moment, it was climbing away, but with the starboard engine’s jet pipe broken by the impact and flames belching from the port engine due to a ruptured fuel line.

Su-30 MKI
File Image: Su-30 MKI

As Su-30MKI stood on its tail and the nose started falling through, the two pilots ejected just two seconds before the fighter crashed beside the runway and exploded.

The crashing Sukhoi was upside down when the ejection seat fired. The pilots were first pushed away from the surface before the parachute opened. Both the pilots survived without injury.

Zvezda is a Russian company that has designed and developed portable life support systems for aircraft and spacecraft crew. Zvezda is known for developing most Russian spacesuits, including Yuri Gagarin’s (the first human to travel to space) in 1961. Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov, the first human to conduct a spacewalk in 1965, also wore a spacesuit developed by Zvezda.

Presently, Zvezda is making the spacesuits and the individual seats for the Indian cosmonauts who will travel to space as part of the Gaganyaan Mission.

  • Ritu Sharma has been a journalist for over a decade, writing on defense, foreign affairs, and nuclear technology.
  • She can be reached at ritu.sharma (at) mail.com

Source link
#India #Replace #MartinBaker #Ejection #Seats #Tejas #Jets #Russian #K36 #Argentina #Deal



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Aatmanirbhar Bharat


TASL Provides Over 200,000 Bulletproof Jackets to Indian Armed Forces and Paramilitary Units

Source : IgMp News Bulletin TATA Advanced Systems Limited (TASL) stands as a prominent figure in Indian defense, dedicated to ensuring the safety of the...

DRDO made 30-Kilowatt Laser Weapon System ready for Production and Deployment

Source : IgMp Bureau Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has announced the successful completion of trials for its 30-kilowatt laser weapon system, marking a...

AMCA 5th Generation Stealth Fighter Updates

AMCA to be integrated with sophisticated indigenous Distributed Aperture System (DAS) that making it a formidable air asset for the Indian Air Force

Source : IgMp Bureau India’s Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) is on the brink of a revolutionary transformation with the integration of a sophisticated Distributed...

AMCA to incorporate the best features of both 5th and 6th Generation fighters: ADA sources

Source : IgMp Bureau India's strides toward indigenous air dominance receive a substantial boost with the green signal for the Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA)...

Most Popular

Recent Comments

Archive Months


IAF Chief VR Chaudhari undertakes sortie on Rafale aircraft along with his son

Source : Hindustan TimesIAF chief VR Chaudhari undertakes sortie on Rafale aircraft along with his son(Twitter/@IAF_MCC)Indian Air Force Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari on Friday...

In the second such instance, a US Navy ship USNS Matthew Perry, arrives at L&T shipyard for repairs

Source : The Hindu New Delhi : In the second such instance, a US Navy replenishment ship, USNS Matthew Perry has docked at Larsen & Toubro’s (L&T) Kattupalli shipyard...

India fast tracks development of Pralay tactical SRBM

Source : IgMp BureauPralay Short Range Tactical Ballistic MissileIndia has accelerated the development of the Pralay canisterized Tactical Surface-to-Surface Ballistic Missile and as per...

Bangladesh Foreign Minister Discusses Regional Security Cooperation with NSA Ajit Doval

Foreign Minister of Bangladesh, Hasan Mahmud, met with National Security Adviser Ajit Doval, and the two leaders held discussions on exploring avenues for enhanced...
error: Content is protected !!